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Online Shopping II: online vs. in-store?

Introduction Between 2001 and 2015, the number of online purchases worldwide increased by an enormous 125% (Al-Mulali et al., 2015).  Part one of this series demonstrated how the purchasing of everything from groceries to clothing, toys and shoes online has been tied to a range of both positive and negative environmental impacts. And when it …


Online shopping I: packaging, planning and pollution

Introduction This post is the first of two looking at different aspects of online shopping. E-commerce has grown hugely over recent years with improvements in access to technology, Internet speed, online payment security and delivery (Zhang et al., 2016), meaning it is rapidly becoming the most popular way to shop. Online shopping frees time, reduces …